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Late Effects



General References:

Children's Oncology Group long term follow-Up guidelines for survivors of childhood, adolescent and young adult cancers.

These guidelines were developed as a collaborative effort of the Nursing Discipline and the Late Effects Committee and are maintained and updated by the Children’s Oncology Group’s Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines Core Committee and its associated Task Forces.

National Cancer Institute: Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer

Late Effects of Childhood Cancer
- by Hamish Wallace and Daniel Green

Survivors of Childhood and Adolescent Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach by Cindy L. Schwartz, Wendy L. Hobbie, Louis S. Constine, and Kathleen S. Ruccione


For Overview:


1. Linabery AM, Ross JA: Trends in childhood cancer incidence in the U.S. (1992-2004). Cancer 112:416-432, 2008

2. La Vecchia C, Levi F, Lucchini F, et al: Trends in childhood cancer mortality as indicators of the quality of medical care in the developed world. Cancer 83:2223-2227, 1998

3. O'Leary M, Krailo M, Anderson JR, et al: Progress in childhood cancer: 50 years of research collaboration, a report from the children's oncology group. Semin Oncol 35:484-493, 2008

4. Alvarez JA, Scully RE, Miller TL, et al: Long-term effects of treatments for childhood cancers. Curr Opin Pediatr 19:23-31, 2007

5. Oeffinger KC, Eshelman DA, Tomlinson GE, et al: Grading of late effects in young adult survivors of childhood cancer followed in an ambulatory adult setting. Cancer 88:1687-1695, 2000

6. Oeffinger KC, Nathan PC, Kremer LC: Challenges after curative treatment for childhood cancer and long-term follow up of survivors. Pediatr Clin North Am 55:251-273, 2008

7. Nunez SB, Mulrooney DA, Laverdiere C, et al: Risk-based health monitoring of childhood cancer survivors: A report from the children's oncology group. Curr Oncol Rep 9:440-452, 2007

8. Landier W, Wallace WH, Hudson MM: Long-term follow-up of pediatric cancer survivors: Education, surveillance, and screening. Pediatr Blood Cancer 46:149-158, 2006



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